Temptation Time – Lent 1 C, 10 March 2019
Well, here is Lent and we start our Lent with the reading of the temptation in the wilderness. It’s a great passage, and you can imagine it, with Jesus and the devil and all the temptations. There have been some great pictures of it by many of the great painters of the world.
Today, being our third year of our readings from the Gospel, we have Luke’s account. Luke is always the most visual – he tells us so often where people are, it’s almost as if he were a playwright, visualising where everyone has to be for the maximum impact. His structure for the temptation here is also different. There are the three temptations, but also a common question and answer structure.
But let’s look at what the temptations are.
The first is “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become a loaf of bread.” It’s the temptation to satisfy hunger, the needs of the body, when Jesus had not eaten for forty days. So many of the temptations we have in life are to deal with our physical comfort: things that we often don’t need, a more comfortable car, more luxurious food. We have to be aware in our lives that our taste for comfort does not become an indulgence. We have probably all met people who go on endlessly over the tritest thing that discomforts them, it’s too hot, or too cold, it’s all too easy to do. But one does not live by bread alone. Our physical comfort is not the only thing that is necessary in life: there is self-sacrifice and the need to support others in our community as well.
The next temptation was the temptation of the glory of the world. “If you, then, will worship me, it will all be yours.” We are all susceptible to the glory of the world, fame, renown the good opinions of others. But the glory of this world is a fickle creature. We have all seen stories of people who are famous one moment, then reviled the next. What is important in life is not what others think of us, but how we are with God. The Devil promises the world, but we trade away our peace and our soul at the price. We are made to worship our God and only him: the world is a tempting but broken promise.
So the first is the temptation of the flesh, the second is the temptation of the world: what then is the third? “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here.” Jesus responds to it with: “Do not put the Lord your God to the test.” This is the test of learning that we are not god. God never saves those who do not want to be saved. If you want to throw yourself over a cliff, it will happen. God has given us free will in our lives, and loves us so that God will not overthrow that independence. We can choose to live with God or live alone. God will not be put to the test – the love of God is that he will allow us to make our own choices. The temptation of the devil here was to offer Jesus a chance to be outside God, to do whatever he wanted separate from the will of his Father. But God will not be put to the test. Luke puts this temptation last – the temptation to be god, to make oneself the centre of the universe, and live without our real God. This temptation is idolatry, where we make ourselves god.
“When the devil had finished every test, he departed from Jesus until an opportune time.” Luke finishes the temptations with this line, that is often skipped over. But Luke is too much of a storyteller to let this go by. The clue to this is in the crucifixion, much, much later, when Jesus is dying on the cross. He is reviled by many, but at one stage we hear that (23:36-37) the soldiers also mocked him, coming up and offering him sour wine, and saying, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!” It is the same sentence structure again, “If you are, then.” The devil has returned, this time speaking through the soldiers. It’s also interesting that this is linked with the offering of the sour wine, which Jesus has said earlier at the Last Supper, that he will not drink again until the Kingdom of God comes” (Luke 22:18). Some scholars see this as Jesus completing the Passover Meal at the cross – the last supper does not conclude in the upper room, because Jesus refuses the last cup, drawing the Passover meal on till his death on the cross, thus uniting the meal with his death.
Three sorts of temptations: the flesh, the world and idolatry. Dealing with temptation means recognising it for what it is, then we need to deal with it. Many of us know too well how we are tempted. Temptation is rarely overcome by our own self-will: if it is it usually means another temptation has slipped in. Temptation is overcome by recognition and the acknowledgement we need help. Our Lord responds by quoting Scripture, the power of God. Temptation is dealt with best by leaving it with God, praying and working with God with our recognition of its wrongfulness, as in Scripture, and appealing to God to overcome it. Temptation is overcome by not just being idle, but doing the works of God.
Finally, a last point about temptation: it’s not a temptation unless it’s likely to succeed. Temptation works with the tools of our lives: it’s no use confessing to having the temptation for genocide unless you have the means.
So welcome to Lent and the time to contemplate our temptations.
Specks and Logs – 3 March, 2019
Pell has been all the news this week. I don’t think a jury trial has been poured over in such depth since the Chamberlain trials in the 1980s. People are arguing the rights and wrongs of the trail, whether they believe the evidence or otherwise.
Then this Sunday we have the Gospel reading of Jesus teaching his disciples, note not the crowds, but the disciples, that:
Why do you see the speck in your neighbour’s eye, but do not notice the log in your own eye? Or how can you say to your neighbour, ‘Friend, let me take out the speck in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the log in your own eye?
The person of Cardinal Pell has been a deeply controversial figure in Australia, not only within the Roman Catholic Church. He is in the line of autocratic leaders that have impacted on Australian politics, the most notable being Archbishop Mannix of Melbourne. Larger than life, with the authority of the church, these figures have been a lightning rod for people’s hates and fears. Figures like Cardinal Pell have a long history with our culture.
Whatever the final result of his appeal and further investigations, the result this week marks a turning point in Australia’s treatment of religious leaders and even the Church. We are all lessened by this verdict. There is a sense of betrayal of trust.
However, the whole problem of abuse is not one that is limited to the Church by any means. The problems of abuse sit deeply in our culture. However, the Church, with its values, has failed, and the contrast between words and actions have been made very clear. We have more than a speck in our eyes and we do need it removed. But there is still a specular log in our whole culture on our treatment and abuse of minors. It joins a series of problems such as racism towards migrants, and the treatment and empowerment of aborigines. None of these problems have easy solutions and simply blaming one or two people may make us feel better, but not tackle generations of prejudice.
We should also acknowledge there is still a residual distrust and prejudice against Roman Catholics. Here is South Australia we were the Paradise of Dissent, as a famous history of the state put it, but that paradise was for Protestants. In NSW the early colony was virulently Anti Roman Catholic and even deported the first priest that arrived, leaving the mainly Irish Roman Catholic convicts without spiritual support for years. They had to make do with a reserved wafer for exposition of the sacrament as their sole eucharistic worship. Our Australian history has been marked by bitter religious prejudices at times. Many of the older ones here will remember the days when Roman Catholics were forbidden to set foot in other churches. An earlier generation would not have seen a cut out figure of the pope in an Anglican church as funny.
The Church has gone through crises of faith before that have questioned its structure and the way that authority is exercised. Many times in the past, the religious orders have stepped in with alternative models of authority, such as the Franciscans in the later Middle Ages, of even the great Roman Catholic teaching orders like Mary McKillop here, who was famously ex-communicated by the bishop of Adelaide because he couldn’t get his way. Autocratic bishops have a tendency to reappear with monotonous regularity. But I think this week we have seen the death of that model here. I don’t know what we will get this time. The orders are dying out, but they continue in third orders and oblates. I don’t know what model of bishop will now develop, but it will be something different from Pell if it is going to inspire a new generation.
The appeal of Cardinal Pell will re-ignite this debate again. There is going to be acres of print written about this, and there will be long discussions as to whether the Roman Catholics, or just Christians in general, are inherently corrupt and should loose what privileges they have. In the meantime, Family Services will be under-resourced and the vulnerable in society will continue to be abused because it is not just Christians who are abusing them, but people from all walks of life. Even if they closed all church schools and banned Christians having any dealings with children, this would not solve the problem, as we know.
In the meantime, the Church is trying to do something about the log in her eye. The Anglican church has put in place a very elaborate training course for its leaders, as the members of your Parish Council can vouch for as they continually try to keep up with the requirements. Our diocese has signed up for the National Redress Scheme. We listen, and try to understand, the stories of those who have been abused. This month the Diocese of Willochra through Joe Johns, the former marine and army chaplain who preached here last November, is opening at Mintaro the mission of St Peter’s Sacred Space and Healing Garden. This ministry is to provide a safe and sacred place for those who have suffered spiritual harm to find spiritual healing. The primary purpose of St Peter’s is to offer spiritual sanctuary for those who may no longer trust institutional religion. It is a ground-breaking initiative. No major Christian denomination has a specific protocol to address the spiritual wounds resulting from church abuse. St Peter’s Sacred Space is addressing this need.
So where does it leave us. Well, we are still not perfect and all of us still are sinners, trying to be faithful and true to our calling to be a disciple of Our Lord. We still burn out and need renewal in the sacraments and love of God. We know, that no matter how bad things get, Our Lord Jesus will be here for us. The Church is, and remains, the bride of Christ, and Our Lord will never desert her. We know and continue to meet holy clergy and laity that through their witness and lives of prayer, sometimes in extraordinarily different ways, that show the Church working with those in need and praying for all. But all of this goodness is because the Holy Spirit continues to guide and sanctify His Church. Maybe it’s a good thing that Lent is starting this week, as we enter a time of reflection and penance as we contemplate our failings, and particularly pray for those we have failed, but know that every Lent is followed by the promise of Easter’s resurrection.
Feast of St Matthias – 24 February 2019, Archdeacon Emeritus Michael Whiting
+In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen
The verse immediately preceding the beginning of today’s gospel reads: My Father is glorified by this, that you bear much fruit and become my disciples. The compilers of our current prayer book, A Prayer Book for Australia, adapted this verse as a proclamation following readings from scripture: May your word live in us and bear much fruit to your glory. Many of our prayers speak of us ‘serving’ God: but this can be confusing as there is nothing we can ‘do’ for God. What we are able to do in God’s name is bear fruitrevealing God’s gloryto those we meet in this world. When we do that, when we abidein Christ, then truly are we being disciplesas Our Lord calls for.
Just like the original apostles (in today’s reading gathered for what is the Last Supper) we ponder often – how are we to become holy, how are we to share in the divine life Christ invites us to? Our Lord is asked, Lord teach us to how to pray, and responds with the words that matter most, Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. We are called, as disciples, to discover each day how we can hallowGod’s name in this world, how we can bear fruitrevealing His glory. This is the challenge facing the very first disciples of Christ, the apostles.
This Feast Day commemorating S. Matthias is extraordinary for several reasons: not only (after prayer) is a new apostle being chosen, his choice is ‘a toss of the coin’ moment, and although he is named, as is Justus or Barsabbas, yet we never hear of either ever again! Not only that but Matthias is forever to be remembered as the disciple ‘who was not Judas Iscariot’! What a shame for Matthias – never to be known for who he actually is.
The qualifications for election are set out clearly by Peter: One of the men who has accompanied us during all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and among us, beginning from the baptism of John until the day when he was taken up from us – one of these must become a witness with us to his resurrection. Here is the crux. Matthias is to be a witness to the resurrection; that momentous event still bewildering the apostles. In the resurrection Almighty God is glorified and hallowed in ways previously unimaginable. This is the good news the apostles are now to share with the world.
Jesus had chosen His original twelve apostles for good reason: the Israel of the twelve tribes is being rebuilt on new foundations. There is a need for twelve apostles as they are to be the foundations of a new Israel and to bear much fruit to God’s glory. They will be enabled to do this as long as the resurrected Christ remains the very heart and substance of their lives, and thus the life of the infant church. Theresurrection is their guarantee, as it is the guarantee of our belief today.
Our Lord, at the Supper, is using the branching and fruitful vine as the image for the life of faith and witness ahead. Judas is severed from the vine, and the question Matthias and the other apostles are asking; how do we not be cut off as well? How are they, and we, to bear fruit for God the Father? Well, we are to make some choices – we are to prune our own lives, seeking simplicity, fewer diversions, and doing better what remains. We know Christ is the vine so, as we prune, there are certain activities we enshrine and place centre stage because they are of Christ: prayer, worship, acts of loving kindness.
Jesus is not asking simply for obedience no matter what. Jesus says – if you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love…this is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. … Jesus speaks of love, friendship, and kindness. The apostles, and we, are to live in this relationship to the vine, and no other. Judas fell away as he lost his loving, and his kindness. That need not be our fate.
In S. John 14.23 we hear Jesus say, those who love me will keep my word, and my Father will love them, and we will come to them and make our home with them. As we consider these words then we shall be His fruitful disciples.
So now, with such loving kindness before the One God in three persons, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, we ascribe as in most justly due, all glory, majesty, authority and power, now and forever. Amen.
Fishing for People – 10 February, 2019
Today’s readings tell us of three people who had a true encounter from which their vocation surfaced. Because of his encounter with God Isaiah offered to become his prophet, Saint Paul accepted to be the witness of the Gospel for all pagans, and Saint Peter agreed to Christ’s proposal to become a fisher of men.
For these holy people, the day of their encounter with God was not an ordinary day. For them that day was not like any other else, it was the event that changed their lives. Then, they put their lives to service to God.
It is important to notice that in all these three cases, the vocation was for a mission of salvation and that for God the sins and the fragility of the three people had not been an objection to the call. God forgave them, purified them, and gave them the strength for the task.
All of them received the peace of forgiveness and became missionaries among men. They became the spokespersons of God and of his Kingdom, that is a kingdom of freedom, justice, truth, peace and above all of love.
To Isaiah, who welcomed the divine cry “Whom shall I send? Who will go for us?”, God changed the heart so that he could answer “Here I am, send me!” The great prophet could answer in this way because the Seraphim had purified his lips with burning coal. This angelic act is the consequence of the fact that Isaiah had encountered God and had recognized his condition as a sinner.
Our Lord gave to Paul his grace and told him in Acts that, “I have appeared to you for this purpose, to appoint you as a servant and a witness of what you have seen [of me] and what you will be shown.” For the Apostle of the Gentiles, the encounter with the Lord was the condition to change the meaning of his life and to live it as a mission. From Saul, the fierce persecutor, he became Paul, the tireless announcer of Christ.
To Peter Our Lord gave a strength steady as a stone so that the first among the apostles could follow Him without yielding. When he was the co-star of the miraculous catch of fish Peter had said to Jesus “Go away from me, Lord, for I am a sinful man.” He felt he could not have this Jesus, this Messiah, this Lord, in his boat. The Redeemer answered, “Do not be afraid; from now on you will be catching people.” The humble fisherman of Galilee became the one who fished people, lifting them from the water poisoned by sin and plunging them in the water purified by God’s love.
The recognition of the presence of God by whatever means often leads to a profound sense of unworthiness, and a confession of sin. It is dishonest to stand erect in the presence of the Almighty and proclaim, “I am thankful I am not like other people”. Rather the honest response, modelled so well in this story by St Peter is, “Lord be merciful to me, a sinner.” It is that recognition of inadequacy and sin that is necessary for the transformation of grace. It is only against the background of a true understanding and confession of sin that grace can really have any meaning. Otherwise, as the famous 20thC German theologian Dietrich Bonhöffer noted, it is just “cheap grace.”
The astonishment of the miracle of the fish, the words and above all the encounter with Christ invaded not only Peter but also all the ones who were out fishing with him such as his brother Andrew and his partners James and John.
Furthermore, Our Lord wasn’t alone anymore. Four men, two brothers who became even more brothers because of the common faith, abandoned everything, their job and their families, to become companions of Christ. Four humble fishermen, four workmen who, if not illiterate definitely not doctors, had been called by Jesus to share his mission as the saviour of the human family.
Now St Luke deals with the theme of the calling of the disciples differently from the other Gospels. The calling of the twelve leads the start of Our Lord’s ministry in the other gospels, but St Luke puts it differently. It’s only after the crowds build up that the twelve are called. St Luke has already consistently portrayed the people as eager to hear and Jesus as just as eager to teach them. Later, St Luke will raise the issue of whether “hearing” alone without appropriate action is enough. But here, the crowds were simply eager to hear the word of God from Our Lord and he went to great lengths to teach them. Our Lord now has his mission and followers, he is not alone.
Why did these fishermen leave everything to follow this man who was not promising money nor glory and was speaking “only” about love, perfection, poverty, and joy (“Blessed be the poor because they will be the Kingdom of Heaven”)?
They left everything because God had become the effective centre of their lives and because he was the only one who had words of eternal life. He is the Life of life. The encounter with Christ impacted their insignificance. The discovery of Christ as the centre of everything took away every fear. They experienced themselves that the one who follows Christ doesn’t walk in darkness and they put themselves at the service of the Kingdom of God. They followed Christ and lived in community with him who in a parable had described himself as the Good Shepherd. In this parable, the love of Our Lord is manifested in all its full capacity of initiative, creativity, and strength.
Peter and all the apostles accepted life as a vocation and Christ’s mission became their vocation.
Which leaves the question, what about us? Now we may not be Isaiah with angels touching us with burning coals, or St Paul being struck with blindness: let alone getting into a small wooden boat to catch a haul of fish. But for all of us vocation remains. We are called to be disciples. There is no retirement age for that, probably not till we are dead for fifteen minutes. Who we are called to serve will be our families, our neighbours, our friends, the wealthy and the homeless. But we are still be called to show love, to be disciples and to do Christ’s mission in our own way.
It’s also worth noting that St Luke never tells us what Our Lord says here. Just what they did. Mission is more about doing things, being Christlike, that saying anything. That’s what we are called to do.